The Importance of Structural Formulas

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The Importance of Structural Formulas

帖子 由 Giraffe 于 周五 七月 23, 2010 12:24 pm

It is necessary to draw structural formulas for organic compounds because in most cases a molecular formula does not uniquely represent a single compound. Different compounds having the same molecular formula are called isomers, and the prevalence of organic isomers reflects the extraordinary versatility of carbon in forming strong bonds to itself and to other elements.
The procedure for drawing structural formulas rests on simple covalent bond theory (sharing of electron pairs) and the octet rule. A full discussion of these important topics can be found in most introductory chemistry texts. It is recommended that a novice first draw Lewis structures, showing the shared and unshared valence shell electrons in a clear and unambiguous fashion. Next, each shared electron pair (covalent bond) can be replaced by a line joining the bonded atoms to give a Kekulé formula. A single line represents a s-covalent bond. Two lines (a double bond) represent one s-bond and one p-bond, and three lines (a triple bond) indicate one s-bond and two p-bonds. Some simple examples of such an approach are shown in the following table.

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回复: The Importance of Structural Formulas

帖子 由 Giraffe 于 周五 七月 23, 2010 12:25 pm


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帖子 由 Giraffe 于 周五 七月 23, 2010 12:26 pm


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